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VEGETABLES IN ACTION – CORN

VEGETABLES IN ACTION - CORN

Corn can be found in thousands of everyday items[1], from the corn starch that holds your pizza crust together[2] to corn syrup in beverages to plastics. Humans have been resourceful in finding the uses for corn.

Modern-day corn goes back about 10,000 years, the Genetic Science Learning Center[3] at the University of Utah reports. Its ancestor, called teosinte, was a grass that looks very different from today’s maize plant. It produced small, thin “cobs,” that were two or three inches long[4] and contained five to 12 hard kernels.

teosinte_corn

Humans used traditional breeding techniques[5] to breed the most desirable traits from each generation of teosinte to create today’s 12-inch ears of field and sweet corn. Teosinte’s hard kernels were difficult for humans to chew, so the firmness was bred out of the plant. Today, more than 500 easily-chewable kernels adorn each ear of sweet corn.

Whether it’s a 4,000-acre farmer in the United States or a two-acre farmer in the Philippines, corn is an important part of agriculture. Farmers around the world now grow corn to: feed themselves and communities; feed livestock; and use for industrial applications, such as medicine, plastics and biofuels. Corn’s versatile nature has propelled it to be grown on the second-most acreage in the world, behind wheat.

Monsanto sells both conventional and GM corn seed to farmers. Our products include: Genuity® DroughtGard® Hybrids, Genuity® SmartStax® RIB Complete®, Genuity® VT Triple PRO® RIB Complete® and Genuity® VT Triple PRO®, just to name a few. For more information about our products, please visit www.monsanto.com/products.

References:

[1] Source: Kentucky Corn Growers Association. Corn is All Around Us. (5, August 2016). Obtained from: http://www.kycorn.org/documents/cornuses.pdf

[2] Source: Monsanto Company. America’s Farmers. Everything You Ever Wanted to Know About Corn. (5, August 2016). Obtained from: http://www.americasfarmers.com/2014/01/29/everything-you-ever-wanted-to-know-about-corn/.

[3] Source: University of Utah. Genetic Science Learning Center. Evolution of Corn. (5, August 2016). Obtained from: http://learn.genetics.utah.edu/content/selection/corn/.

[4] Source: National Science Foundation. Scientists Trace Corn Ancestry from Ancient Grass to Modern Crop. (5, August 2016). Obtained from: http://www.nsf.gov/news/news_summ.jsp?cntn_id=104207.

[5] Source: University of California Museum of Paleontology, National Science Foundation. Understanding Evolution. The other green (r)evolution. (5, August 2016). Obtained from: http://evolution.berkeley.edu/evolibrary/news/070201_corn.